With increasing age, a woman is subjected to various physical changes. These physical changes influence each part of her body. Similarly, a woman's breasts also go through some differences during the time of puberty, pregnancy, and menopause.
Most of the changes that are noticed in the breasts are normal or benign conditions. Benign breast conditions are non-cancerous abnormalities in the breast. We might think having a lump in the breast can be a sign of breast cancer. But the fact is that all the lumps are not cancerous. Almost 80 percent of the lumps found in the breast are benign.
Lifestyle factors and family history of breast cancer increase the chances of developing benign breast conditions. Many benign breast conditions cause pain and imitate the signs of breast cancer. In such cases, medical tests are conducted to check the reason for the abnormality.
Different types of benign breast conditions
Fibroadenomas- Fibroadenomas are the most common benign breast condition found in young women between the ages of 15 and 35. Fibroadenomas are smooth, rubbery- like substance which easily moves under the skin. It can enlarge or contract on its own. Changes in fibroadenomas are monitored and biopsy is done to evaluate it. If necessary, surgery like lumpectomy or excisional biopsy is done to remove it.
Fibrocystic Disease- Most of the women experience fibrocystic breast changes at some point in life. Fibrocystic breast disease is a benign condition which is caused by the collection of fibrous tissue in an area of the breast. It is necessary to consult a doctor if there is severe breast pain or a new lump.
Mastitis- Mastitis mostly affects breastfeeding women. But it can also occur in any women. It is the inflammation of breast due to infection which results in pain, swelling, and redness of the breast. The main cause of mastitis is stagnant milk in the duct that is not emptied.
Breast Abscess- One in every ten women between the age group of 18 to 50 is affected with breast abscess. A breast abscess is due to the collection of pus in the breast. A breast abscess forms if there is an infection (like mastitis). A breast abscess needs to be drained out with a needle or small incision.
Nipple and areola lesions- Nipple and areola complex (NAC) can be affected by various benign, infective and malignant lesions. Nipple cracks and skin excoriations are common lesions.
Other lesions are : inverted/retracted nipple, nipple discharges (can be from one breast or both sides, one duct or multiple ducts, either serous, milky, turbid in colour or blood-stained- need further evaluation with cytology or ductoscopy and scans), eczema of NAC, masses (Papillomatosis / adenoma / fibroadenoma / cyst), infection of glands of Montgomery in areola and malignant lesions (Paget's disease / Melanoma / cancer / Basal cell epithelioma)
Ductal lesions: Ductal lesions can also be benign or malignant: Intraductal papillomas, dilatations ( Ectasia) or malignancies ( Ductal carcinoma in situ)
Benign Phyllodes tumour: Phyllodes tumours are mostly benign but in rare cases, they can turn into malignant tumours. Although phyllodes can affect women of all ages, it is usually seen in women between the ages of 40 and 50. A phyllode tumour is removed and diagnosed under a microscope for further treatment.
If you have any breast-related concerns, visit Organ-Specific Onco Specialist Dr. Shabnam Bashir. She is one of the leading and renowned Oncologists in India. To schedule an appointment, call@8800638138.Authored by Dr. Shabnam Bashir
About Dr. Shabnam Bashir
Dr. Shabnam Bashir has time and again proved her extensive and versatile expertise as a Colorectal Cancer Surgeon. This is validated by the successful cases of patients that she has dealt with.Read More